Important places in chennai
San Thome Basilica
Fort St. George, India
Arignar Anna Zoological Park
Parthasarathy Temple, Triplicane
Edward Elliot's Beach
Government Museum, Chennai
St. Thomas Mount
Vadapalani Andavar Temple
Guindy National Park
Golden Beach, Chennai
The Forum Vijaya
Thousand Lights Mosque
Birla Planetarium, Chennai
VGP Universal Kingdom
Chennai Central railway station
Shirdi Sai Baba Temple, Mylapore
Madras War Cemetery
Radisson Blu City Centre
Church of Our Lady of Light, Chennai
The Raintree Hotel Anna Salai
SDAT Tennis Stadium
M. A. Chidambaram Stadium
Phoenix Market City (Chennai)
Thyagaraja Temple, Tiruvottiyur
Armenian Church, Chennai
Prathyangira Devi Temple, Shollinganallur
Le Royal Meridien, Chennai
Chennai earlier known as Madras, is the capital city of Tamil Nadu, a cradle for Dravidian Culture in the southern part of Indian Subcontinent. Geographically located on the coast of Bay of Bengal along the Coromandel Coast, it is the prime centre for promoting cultural, economical and educational revolution in South India.
It lies between 12* 9' and 13* 9' of the northern latitude and 80* 12' and 80* 19' of the southern longitude, along a sandy beach. It stretches nearly 25.60 kms along the Bay coast from Thiruvanmiyur in the south to Thiruvottiyur in the north and runs inland in a rugged semi-circular fashion. It is bounded on the east by the Bay of Bengal and on the remaining three sides by Chengalpattu and Thiruvallur Districts.
Chennai bangs to be the fourth-largest city and fourth-most populous metropolitan city in India, apart from holding the 36th position among the largest urban area in the world. Chennai is one among important tourist cities and is the 38th most visited city in the world. Apart from various forms of tourists, Chennai's major attraction is health or medical tourists that accounts to nearly 45 percent of foreign tourists and 30 to 40 percent of domestic tourists.
Hence, Chennai is also known as "Health capital of India". No wonder that Chennai is rightly known as the "Detroit of South Asia" for its flourishing automobile industries.
Further, Chennai being ranked as a beta-level city in the Global Cities Index and ranked as the best city in India by India Today in the 2014 annual Indian city survey, in 2015 Chennai was named the "hottest" city (worth visiting, and worth living in for long term) by the BBC, citing the mixture of both modern and traditional values. National Geographic ranked Chennai's food as second best in the world; it was the only Indian city to feature in the list.
In January 2015 the Chennai Metropolitan Area was ranked as the fourth-largest economy in India, with the third-highest GDP per capita. Chennai has been selected as one of the 20 Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.
Origin for Name of Chennai
Although there are several speculations about the name Chennai, the major speculation is that it was derived from the name of Damarla Chennappa Nayagar, father of Damarla Venkatapathy Nayak, a Nayak ruler who served as a general under Venkata III of the Vijayanagar Empire from whom the British acquired the town in 1639.
Records confirm that the first official use of the name Chennai was made in a sale deed, dated 8 August 1639, to Francis Day of the East India Company. Another speculation states that the name Chennai was named after the Chenna Kesava Perumal Temple, where the word Chennai in Tamil means face, and the temple is regarded as the face of the city.
History of Chennai
Actually speaking the city of Chennai was formerly known as Madras, which got its name based on the linguistic origin that is Chennai from Telugu and Madras from Tamil.
Further, Madras was allegedly derived from Madraspattinam, a fishing-village north of Fort St George. However, a recently discovered Vijayanagar-era inscription dated to the year 1367 that mentions the port of Maadarasanpattanam, along with other small ports on the east coast were discovered in 2015 and it is concluded that the aforementioned port is the fishing port of Royapuram.
Chennai Assembly Constituencies
|| Assembly Constituency
| 11|| Dr. Radhakrishnan Nagar
| 12|| Perambur
| 13|| Kolathur
| 14|| Villivakkam
| 15|| Thiru.Vi.Ka.Nagar
| 16|| Egmore (SC)
| 17|| Royapuram
| 18|| Harbour
| 19|| Chepauk-Thiruvallikeni
| 20|| Thousand Lights
| 21|| Anna Nagar
| 22|| Virugampakkam
| 23|| Saidapet
| 24|| Thiyagarayanagar
| 25|| Mylapore
| 26|| Velachery|
Population of Chennai
Chennai being one of the largest dynamic city in South India has a current population of 8,233,084 (8.2 million) (data provided by the Census of India) and has population density of 26903. The city experiences an overwhelming growth in population for the past few years due to its mammoth growth in manufacturing, automobile, communication, retail, health care and IT sectors. Apart from the leap in the aforesaid sectors, the city has remarkable growth in tourism and trade.
Further, the recent developments in the infrastructure of the city and its economic viability attract more people to throng and inhabit in Chennai. Further, the city also experiences an increase in floating population during important religious events, such as Brahmotsavams, Christmas and New year functions, gatherings in mosques during Muslim festivals, etc .
Culture of Chennai
Chennai is the home for people of all religions and faith. The city has innumerable temples both historic as well as modern, churches, mosques and dhargas.
Especially, the city has many temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and many of them are padalpetrastalams (song composed and sung by the famous four sangatamizhkuravargal, like Appar, Sundarar, Thirugyana Sambandar and Manikavasagar), such as Thiruninravur Hridayaleeswarar Temple, Mylapore Kapaleeswarar Temple, Thiruvadisoolam Jnanapureeswarar Temple, Padi Thiruvalleeswarar Temple, Thirumullaivoyal Masalimaneeswarar - Kodiyidai Amman Temple, Thiruvanmiyur Marundeeswarar Temple, Thiruverkadu Vedapureeswarar Temple, Thiruvottiyur Adipureeswarar - Vadivudai Amman Temple, etc.
Apart from these temples the city has many Divyadesams such as Mylapore Adi Kesava Perumal Temple (birth place of Peyazhwar), Thirumazhisai Jagannatha Perumal Temple (birth place of Thirumazhisai Azhwar), Mamallapuram Sthalasayana Perumal Temple (birth place of Bhoothathazhwar), Sriperumbudur Adi Kesava Perumal Temple (birth place of Acharya Ramanujar), DivyaDesam: Thiruvallikeni (Triplicane) Parthasarathy Temple, etc. In addition to there are several churches that adorn the city, namely San Thome Basilica, Anderson Church, in Parry's Corner, Armenian Church, Luz Church, etc.
And some of the famous mosques in Chennai are Makka Masjid, Masjid Mamoor in Mannady, the Grand Mosque bigger than Delhi Juma Masjid is in Triplicane, etc. In spite of having a unique integration of religions the city also is the place of rest of many divine people known as siddhars, Siddha Gangadhara Swamigal jeevasamadhion Harrington Road, Siddha Pamban Swamigalsamadhi, HazrathMothi Baba Dargha, etc.
Many national festivals like Independence Day and Republic Day and religious festivals - Diwali, Holi, Navaratri, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Adha, Muharrum, Birthday of Prophet Mohammed, Christmas, Easter, Good Friday, etc., are celebrated in Chennai. Further, festivals like Pongal, Chennai Music and Dance Festival, KarthikaiDeepam, Brahmotsavams, etc., are also celebrated.
Furthermore the Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation takes active part in organizing Trade and Industrial Fair, and in organizing exhibitions on cultural wealth of the state, tourist spots, economic scenario, and many more.
Public Work Department in Chennai
The major reservoirs supplying water and managed by the Chennai Metro Water Supply and Sewage Board to the Chennai city includes Red Hills Lake and Chembarambakkam Lake. Further, the city also receives treated water from water treatment plants located at Kilpauk, Puzhal, Chembarambakkam.
Further to support the needs of the increasing population the city also receives 530 mld of water from Krishna River through Telugu Ganga project, 180 mld of water from the Veeranam lake project and 100 mld of water from the Minjur desalination plant, the country's largest sea water desalination plant. The Corporation of Chennai provides civic services to the city.
Garbage collection in some of the wards is contracted to Ramky Enviro Engineers Limited, a private company, while the Corporation looks after the removal and processing of solid waste in the others. The major garbage dumping yards are located at Kodungaiyur, Perungudi and Pallikaranai marshland. The credit of lighting this city goes to the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board. Further, Fire service maintained by the Tamil Nadu Fire and Rescue Services has actively acting 33 fire stations.
Architecture of Chennai
The city with its increasing number of residential flats and malls, is known for its ancient structures and buildings. Parry's Corner, one of the oldest business areas of Chennai, is lined up with Art Deco buildings, while the Kapaleeshwarar Temple in Mylapore and the Parthasarathy Temple in Triplicane depicting Dravidian architecture dates back to 7th and 8th centuries CE. Further the stone temples at Mamallapuram show case the Pallava architecture.
Lingusitics In Chennai
The regional language spoken by majority in the city is Tamil. As per 2001 census, the number of speakers mother tongue wise are as follows, Tamil is spoken by 3,424,107 (78.83%), followed by Telugu by 419,209 (9.65%), Urdu by 180,245 (4.1%), Malayalam by 113,828 (2.6%), Hindi by 104,084 (2.39%), and Kannada by 22,250 (0.5%).
The city is the home for diverse population of ethno-religious communities. Although the city is populated with Tamilians, it also includes minor population of Telugus, Marwaris, Gujaratis, Parsis, Sindhis, Odias, Goans, Kannadigas, Anglo-Indians, Bengalis, Punjabi, and Malayalees. As per the religious census of 2011, Chennai had 80.73% Hindus, 9.45% Muslims, 7.72% Christians, 0.06% Sikhs, 0.06% Buddhists, 1.11% Jains, 0.83% following other religions and 0.04% are atheists.
According to a recent survey titled 'Emerging trends in real estate in Asia Pacific 2014', Chennai emerged to be the top 25 real estate destinations list in the Asia Pacific region. The city ranked 22nd position in the list.There are about 1,240 slums in Chennai home to about 9 lakhs people.
Recreation In Chennai
Chennai is the home for Tamil film industry, known as Kollywood. Some of the major film studios, including AVM Productions, Sathya Studio, etc., are located in Chennai. There are about 120 cinema screens and multiplexes in the city, to name a few Sathyam Cinemas, Escape cinemas, Devi, Abirami complex, Mayajaal, etc. Apart from this the city is extending its hands towards Tamil plays that include political satire, slapstick comedy, history, mythology and drama.
Monuments in Chennai
The city has many ancient and historic monuments which depicts both the ancient Indian as well as British architecture. Some of them as Mylapore Kapaleswarar Temple, Besant Nagar Marudeeswarar Temple, Royapuram, Railway Station, National Art Gallery, Bharat Insurance building, Chepauk Palace Presidency College, Ripon Building, Government Fine Arts College, etc.
Memorial Hall (1860) is an ancient monument designed by Colonel George Winscom and modified by Col. Horsley reflects the classical style with Greek Overtones and resembles temples in Greece. But now a days it is widely used for filmshootings, exhibitions, social gathering andconducting Lectures.
Memorial Hall in Quetta was designed in 1905 by James Ransome in Indo - Saracenic.
Madras Museum (1862) is a master piece used to preserve geological specimen andarchaeo logical artifacts was designed by Herny Irwin in Indo scenicstyle.
Humayan Mahal close to Wallajab Road, and Khalsa Mahal is situated facing the beach road.
Post and Telegraph office (1884) was designed by Robert F. Chisholm, and Victoria Public Hall/Town Hall (1887) was designed by Rober F. Chisholm and it resembles Romanesque style.
High Court (1892) was planned by J.W.Brassington, and both the Bank of Madras (1896) and Connemara Library (1896) were constructed by Henry Irwin together with NamberumalChetty.
National Art Gallery - 1909 was also designed by Henry Irwin in the Indo -Saracenic style.
Archives - Record Office - 1909 was designed by G.S.T. Harris and built by P.Loganatha Muddaliar.
Ripon Building - 1913 was planned by G.S.T. Harris along with Loganatha Mudaliar.
Royapuram Station - 1853 was designed by William Adelpi Tracey.
Central Railway Station - 1873 was initially designed by George Hardinge and later by Robert F. Chisholm.
Egmore Railway Station - 1908 was designed by Henry Irwin and built by Samaynatha Pillai.
Railway Head Office - 1922 was designed by N.Grayson.
Madras Medical College - 1892 was designed by Henry Irwin.
Presidency College - 1870 designed by Robert F. Chisholm is in Italian style.
Law College 1884 was designed by Henry Irwin.
Madras University - 1913 was designed by Edward Reid and Booth, along with contractor Somasudaram. General Hospital - 1890 initially build in 1690 was is Tuscan style which was further modified and expanded by Col. Patrick Ross, and later by John.Sullivan.
Maternity Hospital - 1808 was designed by Major General Gifford and constructed by P.S Ramaswamy Mudhaliar.
Apart from the above mentioned historic monuments the following are the modern landmarks in Chennai:
Spencer Plaza situated in Mount road is the oldest shopping mall in India and it is also one of the biggest shopping malls in South Asia at the time it was opened. The present mall was reconstructed in the year 1991 after the original complex was destroyed in fire.
Karl Schmidt Memorial is a historical land mark located at Elliot's Beach or commonly called as Besant Nagar Beach. This monument is constructed to respect the effort of a Danish sailor K A J Schmidt who drowned while saving a English girl from sea.
LIC Building located at Mount Road is a 15 storey building opened in the year 1959. It is built to serve as Southern head quarters of Life Insurance Corporation of India. It was one of the tallest buildings in India at that time.
Anna Memorial most commonly known as Anna Samadhi located in Marina Beach is constructed in memory of former Chief Minister Anna Durai who was cremated here.
MGR Memorial was constructed in the year 1988 in the memory of Former Chief Minister M.G.Ramachandran.
Kannagi Statue situated in Marina beach was installed to pay respect to the heroine of oldest Tamil epic Silapathigaram and who is rightly known as Karpukkarasi or Pathini.
Statue of Labour or Triumph of Labour located in Marina Beach is dedicated to hard work of the labours.
ValluvarKottam dedicated to famous Poet Thiruvalluvar, is located near Kodambakkam.
Madras War Cemetery is a war cemetery located in Nandambakkam, Chennai which has 856 common wealth burials of World War II. This memorial does not contain any real buried dead bodies, but it only has memorials with names of dead soldiers in World War II since their memorial maintenance could not be assured elsewhere.
Connemara Public Library being the oldest library in India was previously part of Madras Museum and got its own building in year 1896.
Napier Bridge is one the Chennai's oldest bridge constructed in 1869 which connects Fort St. George and Marina Beach over Coovum River in Beach road.
Vivekanandar Illam is the house where Vivekananda stayed for nine days during his visit in 1897. This place is located near Triplicane and it is commonly called Ice House.
Sri Ramakrishna Matt was constructed in the year 1917 and it is dedicated to Swami Ramakrishnananda.
Entertainments In Chennai
Chennai show casing a vivid diverse in culture has amazing and unique places to visit and explore. The city offers several religious sites, galleries, museums, gardens, historic monuments, beaches and adventurous activities, that one can entertain with his family during the weekends. Some of them are:
The first and fore most place to visit in Chennai is the Marina Beach which is India's largest beach that stretches a wide area along the coast from Fort St. George to Besant Nagar. The awesome sun rise, neatly lined small shops selling goods that attract the kids, food items, clothes, gifts and decorative items, and entertainment for kids like horse riding, shooting and merry go rounds, attract the city dwellers in the evenings, especially during summers. Apart from this the renovated light house situated on the southern end of Marina together with an aquarium, a swimming pool and a park also attract many visitors.
Elliot's Beach most commonly known as Besant Nagar Beach, is a calm and quiet beach as number of commuters are less when compared to Marina Beach. On the southern side this seashore the famous Ashtalakshmi Temple and Velankanni Church are situated.The Schmidt Memorial is yet another attraction.
Kovalam Beach situated at a distance of 40 km from Chennai, on the Coromandel coast.
Arignar Anna Zoological Park is ever-loving spot for the kids to zoom about as it houses about more than 1000 species of wild life, such as birds, lions, tigers, elephants, etc. The works from 9 am to 5 pm (except Tuesdays), and there is separate entry fee of adults and kids.
Semmozhi Poonga situated in the heart of the city on the Cathedral road, is a place showered with wide variety of flowers including exotic and medicinal herbs.
Crocodile Bank situated a few km off the city is intent to preserve and protect a vast variety of reptiles such as alligators, snakes, sea turtles and water birds.
Amusement parks such as MGM Dizzee World, VGP universal Kingdom, Queens land, etc., are located in the outskirts of the city. Each amusement park has its own special features to attract the customers. These parks have water games, gaint wheels, scary shows, dashing cars, etc.
Dakshina Chitra is a model village were the traditional arts and crafts are exhibited as well as imparted to students as well as adults. Some of the important activities are pot making, clay works, mehindi, kalamkari works, tie and dye works, jewellery making, etc.
Guindy National Park and Snake Park located in the heart of the city, also is the home for many animals such as deers, jackals, tortoise, birds, snakes and so on.
Birla Planetarium sited near Anna University functions as a part of Periyar Science and Technology Museum. There are many interesting things to look for in this planetarium. Regular audio-visual programs on astronomy exhibiting the Solar System, Cycle of Stars, Sky and Seasons, Comets and Man on the Moon attract the junior scientists. Science Park, Traffic Park and Science on Wheels also attract the kids in large number. Some schools in the city organise a trip to this place to encourage the kids.
The city also has an interesting rail museum where train models, engine designs and toy trains lure the kids.
Muttukadu is one among the best tourist spot in the city is a backwater area of the Bay of Bengal. The Boat house attracts the crowds.
Mahabalipuram known for its ancient monuments and temples of the Pallavan period, attract the inland as well as foreign tourists. The most stunning features are Shore Temple, Arjuna's Penance', Pancha Rathas and Krishna's butter ball.
Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary flocked with thousands of birds is also the home for many migrating species. The different varieties include cormorants, egrets, moorhens, snake birds, storks, herons and spoonbills.
Pulicat Lake and Bird Sanctuaryis sited in Pulicat which is the second largest lagoon in India that has brackish water attracts tourists for its lonely beaches, boat ridding, bird watching, sea foods and so on.
Transports and communication Systems in Chennai
The transport system in the city is mainly divided into three major categories, such as landways that incudes both roadways and railways, airways including domestic and international services, and water ways including oceanic and inland services.
The city is connected to other Indian cities by four major National Highways, such as NH 4 connects Chennai to Mumbai, NH 5 connects Chennai to Kolkata, NH 45 connects Chennai to Theni and NH 205 connects Chennai to Madanapalle. The government has constructed grade separators and flyovers at major intersections, and built Inner Ring Road and Outer Ring Road.
The Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminus (CMBT) the largest bus station in Asia operates bus services from and to many parts of city, within the state and other states.
Apart from the regular bus service including normal, double duckers, trailers and air conditioned buses, the Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation also operates Volvo air-conditioned services from Chennai to nearby cities like Pondicherry, Vellore, Hosur and Trichy. Transport in the city is made easier by vans, Maxi Cabs, auto rickshaws, on-call metered taxis and tourist taxis. The various roads under construction are outer ring road connecting NH 45 (GST Road) at Perungalathur, NH 4 (GWT Road) at Nazarathpet, NH 205 (CTH Road) at Nemilicherry(Thiruninravur), NH 5 (GNT Road) at Nallur and TPP road at Minjur.
The infrastructure of the city is changing day by day with many flyovers springing in the city together with the metrorail gaining importance.
The Southern Railway with its headquarters in Chennai operates intercity trains, express trains, goods trains as well as suburban trains. Construction is underway for an underground and elevated Rapid Transit System locally known as Chennai Metro Rail. The metro line first phase from Alandur to Koyambedu was inaugurated on 29 June 2015.
Chennai is one among the major port city of Indiathat carries out both inland as well as intercontinental import and export proceedings.
The city has both Domestic and international airports respectively operating at Kamaraj domestic terminal and Anna international terminal. Chennai domestic airport stands to be the fourth busiest airport in India after Delhi, Mumbai and Bengaluru, and pertaining to international passengers Chennai stands to be the third busiest airport behind Delhi and Mumbai. The city is connected to major hubs across Asia, Europe, and North America through more than 30 national and international carriers. The Government has taken active steps to expand the existing airport at an estimated cost of 2,000 crore rupees in Sriperumbudur. The proposed airport is likely to handle cargo.
Chennai is one of four Indian cities connected to the rest of the world by undersea fibre-optic cables, next to Mumbai, Kochi, and Tuticorin. The city is the landing point of major submarine telecommunication cable networks such as SMW4 (connecting India with Western Europe, Middle East and Southeast Asia), i2i (connecting India with Singapore), TIC (connecting India with Singapore), and BRICS (connecting India with Brasil, Russia, China and South Africa). Further the various mobile phone service providers widely used in the city includes Airtel, Aircel, BSNL, Vodafone, Tata Docomo GSM, Idea, Reliance GSM and three CDMA networks including MTS, Relaince CDMA, Tata Docomo CDMA. Chennai was the first Indian city to deploy Wi-Fi internet access in a widespread manner. Further, Chennai had the fourth highest number of active internet users in India, with 2.2 million users.
Shoppings in Chennai
In the past "Chennai" or "Madras" was well known for its sunny hot days, busy traffic and crowded buses, but at present the things are changing in a very fast pace that companies and shops spring up so rapidly that one may even feel new to that place even after frequent visits in the past. The flourishing IT sector greatly contribute to the economy of the city. Chennai stands unique in its gesture by providing a wide variety of stuffs such as garments, both antique and modern jewellery, house-hold goods, books, art and handicraft works, and so on. The city has several malls, like the Express Avenue, Citi Centre, Spencer Plaza, Ampa Skywalk, Phoenix Market City and Forum Vijaya Mall.
Apart from these T. Nagar (includes Pondy Bazaar) in Chennai have many famous hypermarts like Saravana Stores, Pothys, Chennai Silks, Kumaran stores, Nalli, RmKV, GRT, Lalitha Jewellers, etc., while Parry's corner, Purasaiwalkkam and Sowcarpet are plunged with both whole sale and retail textile showrooms and Jewellers such as Madhar Sha, Ranjanas, Fathima Jewellers, SM Silks, and so on. The city is also the base to the World Gold Council's India operations. Anna Nagar located in the central part of Chennai is gaining importance as many jewellers and hypermarkets are springing-up, to name a few like Nathella Jewellers, LKS gold palace, Kazhana, Lalitha Jewellers, Tanique, Kalanikhatan, Rasi Silks, Nalli Silks, Waves, and so on.
Anyone new to Chennai will surely have a plan to visit the hypermarts in T. Nagar as one can get everything right from pin to the most expensive gems all under one roof, at a much cheaper price.
Big bazaar, Maxx, Spencer and Reliance are another chain of hypermarts that are spread throughout Chennai selling cheap and best quality garments, groceries, home apparels, accessories, footwear and what not.
These hypermarts and jewellers are thronged by people not only during festivals season but all throughout the year. While the aadi sale and year end sale do attract a large crowd towards textiles and readymade, the Akashya Thritya lures the customers to buy gold and silver jewellery.
Although the malls and marts attract many people, there is always a demand or love for the roadside shops in Pondy Bazaar, Parry Corner and Purasaiwalkkam were cheap tops and pants, accessories, fruits and veggies can be bought.
The city also has many automobile showrooms and service centres throughout Chennai, but The Ambattur Industrial Estate is flocked with all most all the showrooms of the major automobile giants like Mercez, Toyota, BMW, Audi, Hyundai, Royal Enfield, Volkswagen, together with many pre-owned car showrooms.
The fruit, flower and vegetable markets in Koyambedu and Kothaval chavi supply almost all the requirements of the people of Chennai.
Industries in Chennai
Chennai's economy of US$58.6 billion PPP (US$17 billion nominal GDP, 2010) is currently rated the fourth-largest economy in India. Chennai is the hub for almost every sector such as automobile, computer, technology, hardware manufacturing and healthcare. The National Stock Exchange recognised by SEBI is situated in the Mylapore.
The Tamilnadu Small Industries Development Corporation Limited (SIDCO) under the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Department (MSME) of the Government of Tamilnadu, has setup major industrial estates at Guindy, Ambattur, Sholinganallur, Thirumazhisai, Thirumullaivoyal and Thirumudivakkam. These estates largely focus on automobile and auto components industries such as Hyundai, Renault, Robert Bosch, Nissan Motors, Ashok Leyland, Daimler AG, Caterpillar Inc., Komatsu Limited, Ford, BMW and Mitsubishi have manufacturing plants in Chennai. The Heavy Vehicles Factory at Avadi produces military vehicles, including India's main battle tank: Arjun MBT.The Integral Coach Factory manufactures railway coaches and other rolling stock for Indian Railways. The Ambattur-Padi industrial zone houses many textile manufacturers, and a special economic zone (SEZ) for apparel and footwear manufacturing has been set up in the southern suburbs of the city. Above all the city is a major leather exporter.
Further, the city also has many software and software service providers such as TCS, CTS, Wipro, and so on. The city is the second largest software exporter next to Bangalore. Further to this the city has many Banking back offices and development centres for World Bank, Standard Chartered Bank, ABN AMRO, Bank of America, The Royal Bank of Scotland, Goldman Sachs, Barclays, HSBC, ING Group, Allianz, Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation, The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ, Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank, Asian Development Bank, Credit Suisse, BNP Paribas Fortis, Irevna, Deutsche Bank and Citibank.
Telecom and Electronics manufacturers based in and around Chennai include Nokia, Nokia Siemens, Motorola, Dell, Force10, Wipro, Zebronics, Foxconn and Siemens among others. Chennai is currently the largest electronics hardware exporter in India. In the healthcare industries the pharmaceutical giants like Pfizer, Tablets India, Orchid Pharmaceuticals, together with chemicals giant Dow Chemicals have research and development facilities in Chennai. The TICEL bio-tech park at Taramani and Golden Jubilee bio-tech park at Siruseri are the head quarters for biotech companies and labs.
Media in Chennai
The media industry includes newspapers, magazines, television channels, radio channels, and cinema. The city with its enormously increasing population has many dailies circulating in and out of the city. The Madras Courier dating back to 1785, followed by the weeklies. The Madras Gazette and The Government Gazette in 1795, and the Spectator, were the first newspapers that were circulated. The first Tamil newspaper, Swadesamitran, was later launched in 1899. At present the city Chennai has six major print media groups that publish about eight major newspapers and magazines. The major English dailies are The Hindu, The Times of India, The New Indian Express and The Deccan Chronicle. Surveys conducted in recent years suggest that The Hindu is the most read English newspaper, with a daily circulation of 5.4 lakh copies. The city also publishes many business dailies such as The Economic Times, The Hindu Business Line, Business Standard, and The Financial Express. Some of the major Tamil dailies include the Dina Thanthi, Dinakaran, Dina Mani, Dina Malar, Tamizh Ossai, Tamil Murasu, Theekkathir Makkal Kural and Malai Malar. Apart from the above mentioned dailies many neighbourhood newspapers such as The Annanagar Times, The Adyar Times, Chrompet Times, Pillar Times, and Arcot Road Talk are also distributed in specific areas of the city.
The major Governmental Public Service Broadcaster of the country, the Prasar Bharati is a statutory autonomous body that broadcasts its service through All India Radio and Doordarshan (Podhigai) in the city.
The city is the headquarters for many of the satellite channels both for the state owned as well as private channels. The channels may be broadly classified as follows:
Entertainment Channels (Sun TV, Jaya TV, Vasanth TV, Star Vijay, Zee Tamil, and so on), Movie channels (Jaya TV, KTV, etc.,), religious channels (TTD, Sri Shankara, Shalom, etc.,), sports channels (DD sports, Sony, etc.,), HD channels (such as Sun TV HD, Sun Music HD, KTV HD, STAR Vijay HD and Jaya TV HD), Kids channels (Chithiram and Chutti TV), Regional language channels (Suvarna, Asianet, Surya, Gemini), News Channels (Sun News, Jaya News, Pudia Thalaimurai, Captain News), Comedy channels (Adhitya TV), Shopping channels (Naaptol Tamil), infotainment channels (History TV18, Nat Geo), local TV channels (Moon TV, Right TV) and international channels (Star Movies, HBO, Movies Now, BBC, CNN and so on).
The Radio broadcasting service in the city started in 1930, consists of two AM and ten FM radio stations. Some of them are: All India Radio Chennai (AIR Chennai) Akashvani Chennai 720 kHz, Radio City 91.1 MHz, Big 92.7 FM, Suryan FM (93.5 MHz), Radio One FM (94.3 MHz), Radio Mirchi 98.3 MHz and Rainbow FM 101.4 MHz.
Tamil Film Industry (Kollywood)
The early tamil film dates back to 1917 with the featuring of the first Silent Film named Keechaka Vadham that was produced, directed and cinematographed by R. Nataraja Mudaliar. The huge success of the first film paved way for the successive production of Bishma Pratigna by Prakash Raghupathy, followed by Sarangadhara, Bhoja Raja, Gajendra Moksham, and so on. Censor Boards were further set up in the city by 1918.
The first talkie movie in tamil was Kalidas directed by H.M.Reddy and produced by T. P. Rajalakshmi Ardeshar Irani's Imperial Movie Tone in 1931. The industry has undergone such an enormous growth and its growth in the following years and remains to be in top position equally comparable to Hollywood.
The film industry includes several organisations that sre formed by various groups of professionals in the industry, such as South Indian Artistes' Association, also known as the Nadigar Sangam, is a group formed by all prominent Tamil film actors, Association of Tamil Film Directors, Tamil Film Producers' Council, and the Film Employees Federation of South India (FEFSI). These associations work for the welfare of all the workers including the low-income film workers, such as lighting technicians and stunt coordinators, in the film industry.
Power Supply to Chennai
The Chennai city is lite by the power supplied by various Power Stations, such as North Chennai Thermal Power Station, GMR Vasavi Diesel Power Plant, Ennore Thermal Power Station, Basin Bridge Gas Turbine Power Station, Madras Atomic Power Station and Vallur Thermal Power Project. According to the an official report issued by the Tamil Nadu Generation and Distribution Corporation Limited (TANGEDCO) in 2013, the city consumes about 20 percent of the electricity in the state of Tamil Nadu. The consumption reaches the maximum during peak summer months between May and August.
Banking sectors in Chennai
Chennai city being the state capital of Tamil Nadu is the core centre for commercial and banking services. The initial banking services in the city were provided to the public by the Nattukottai Chettiars or Nagarathars, the main dwellers in the neighbourhood of George Town. These benefit funds offered loans as well as accepted money deposits from the public, in addition to offering loans to the agricultural labourers. The first western or European-style banking system in India was established by the 'Madras Bank' on 21 June 1683, which was later known as the 'Government Bank', started functioning again from 1806. In 1843, the bank merged with the Carnatic Bank (1788), the British Bank of Madras (1795) and the Asiatic Bank (1804) and became the Bank of Madras, which was one of the three Presidency banks of India. Then in 1921, the three Presidency banks merged to form the Imperial Bank of India, which later became the State Bank of India in 1955.
Chennai is the headquarters of the Indian Bank, the Indian Overseas Bank and the erstwhile Bharat Overseas Bank, which merged with the Indian Overseas Bank in 2007. The city is also the south zonal headquarters of the Reserve Bank of India, the country's central bank, along with its zonal training centre and Reserve Bank Staff College, one of the two colleges of the bank. The city also houses the permanent back office of the World Bank, which is one of the largest buildings owned by the bank outside its headquarters in Washington, DC. Apart from these, the city has many private banks like Catholic Syrian Bank, Centurian Bank, Karur Vysya Bank, Laxmi Vilas Bank, City Union Bank and South Indian Bank, and Foreign banks, such as Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank, ANZ Grindlays Bank, Bank of America, Bank of Ceylon, Citi Bank, HSBC, Standard Chartered Bank and Taib Bank.
Health care in Chennai
The Government General Hospital, one of the premier Institutions was established 16th November 1664 as a small Hospital to treat the sick soldiers of the East India Company. Later by the efforts of Sir Edward Winter it became the first British Hospital at Madras. Intially established at Fort St. George later it was moved to its present position near the beach station after the Anglo French War in 1772. By the year 1772 the Hospital was training Europeans, Eurasians and natives in allopathic methods of diagnosis and treatment and methods of preparing medicines. The Government granted this request and from 1st October 1850 it became Madras Medical College. Later the College was affiliated to the University of Madras, and was affiliated to the "The Tamilnadu Dr. MGR Medical University" in 1988. This College has nine affiliated institutions with hospitals, each one of them recognized for excellence in Health care services.
Apart from this the city further includes many government-aided hospitals such as Adyar Cancer Institute, TB Sanatorium, and National Institute of Siddha. The National Institute of Siddha is one of the seven apex national-level educational institutions that promote excellence in Indian system of medicine such as Siddha, Ayurveda ad Unani, is located in Arumbakkam. Some the other major private hospitals include Apollo Hospitals, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Chettinad Health City, MIOT Hospitals, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Fortis Malar Hospital, Lifeline Hospitals, Vasan Healthcare, Dr Mehta Hospitals, Global Hospitals and Health City, Sankara Nethralaya, Sundaram Medical Foundation, MMM, Frountier lifeline, and Vijaya Medical and Educational Trust. Many foreign health tourists as well as domestic health tourists visit this city per year.
Garbage disposal in Chennai
The city with its enormous population generates 4,500 tonnes of garbage every day. The major sewage treatment plants (STP) in the city are located at Nesapakkam, Perungudi, Kodungaiyur, and Pallikaranai. The Chennai Corporation has planned to open further more STP and introduce modern and advance method of sewage sludge treatment and also for generating biogas. These plants are proposed to reduce power consumption from thermal power stations. A model plant at Koyambedu actively generates power by processing the vegetable and fruit wastes dumped in the market.
Educations In Chennai
The city has many government and private schools as well as many international schools. Although English and Tamil are the major medium of instruction some schools also offer Hindi, Telugu, Malayalam, Urdu and French. Chennai also has plenty of educational instructions offering all levels of education from graduate, post graduate to doctorate level. The University of Madras, TN Animal Husbandry University, Tamilnadu Dr. MGR Medical University, Law University, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, and Anna University offer valid education to the students in all most specific areas of education.
KBuffer refers to "Knowledge Buffer". We give professional training in the fields of Technical Writing, E-Learning, E-Publishing, Multimedia and related fields. We also undertake projects in these areas.
Founded in 1986 in Chennai, India, KBuffer is now owned by Mr. Chetan P Mistry under 'Panoramic Learning'.
Chetan has been serving various clients in the fields of Publishing, Printing, and Multimedia. Also, had a branch in Madurai to cater to the needs of many publishers in that city, were doing Typesetting for local daily newspapers in Chennai in the vernacular language.
The Promoter, Mr. G.M. Sundaram has rich experience in fields of Training, Publishing, and Multimedia. In 2003, Super Graphics started promoting various courses under the brand name of KBuffer.
In 2005, we introduced the novel concept of Virtual Classroom where people can learn many things using E-Learning methodology. Now we have students doing various courses from different parts of India and also abroad. KBuffer is also conducting Special Professional Courses in many colleges in Chennai city.
Mr. Sundaram had served as Centre Head of Aptech-Arena Multimedia for its first centre in Gandhi Nagar, Adyar. He started his career as a Printer in the name of Sri Jagan Printers. He was running his own publications, Niraimathi Publications, which was publishing monthly magazines. He had also served as General Manager of a large publishing house in Chennai. Mr. Sundaram is one of the pioneers of Desktop Publishing in Chennai.
Read the interview of Mr. Sundaram (CEO) in the news portal, mychennaicity.com
Playschool in the heart of T.Nagar, The playschool with a difference for your little ones to feel at home.Toys and Educational games to keep them smiling and that extra care make them feel loved. Your children may use their left foot or right foot but we will see to it that they put their best foot forward! Your little ones could not have asked for a better beginning!
"Childhood is the most precious part in the life of an individual. During childhood a hidden but definite plan of nature unfolds, as the child works to create an adult personality. The child is an excellent constructor of the adult from 0 to six years. In childhood the physical, biological and the psychological changes happen very rapidly. The child transforms and adapts very quickly during these years. Children have subconscious powers which guide them in a structured environment which has freedom to self discipline. Children need real objects rather than virtual or imitation playthings. The environment should be conducive to the children. The school should be comfortable and aesthetically pleasing to attract them to adjust to the new home away from home and new people. The school plays a vital role to mould the children, develop confidence, make sure that the children are independent in thinking and accept changes in terms of new places, people and guidance. A teacher in the Montessori environment is an observer, guide and instructor at intervals giving direction and suggestions to help them develop at their own pace. This is vital for the children as it helps them to become independent and confident in thinking, decision-making and developing responsibility. It makes them independent, adaptable and acceptable to change and guidance at a tender age. This focus and direction helps them in future to settle down in any part of the globe under any circumstance."
A home away from home. In the heart of T.Nagar. A daycare for your child after school is Little Angels where we have a secure, friendly, homely, clean and hygienic environment. Adequate facilities for the child to be comfortable. We also offer homework assistance, tutions and other extra-curricular activities for your child to be occupied and spend the time effectively. All this under one roof with excellent supervision. We conduct Drawing, Chess, Yoga, Dance, Story-telling, phonics and communication classes, these are conducted by professionals. Also to help the child display their talents and portray what they have learnt we conduct two stage events in a year. Pick up and drop facility can be organized(Depending on the location of school / home). To avail these facilities please feel free to contact
Salons and spas In Chennai
International Spa Association defines spas as "places devoted to enhancing overall well-being through a variety of professional services that encourage the renewal of mind, body and spirit." The various types of spas are Day Spas, Destination Spas, Resort and Hotel Spas, Cruise ship spas, Mineral Springs Spas, Club Spas and Medical Spas. The salons and spas which rebalance our mind and body, completely relax us, uplift our spirit and improve our energy. The various spas or wellness centres in Chennai includes River Day Spa, River Day Spa, Naturals, Thai Massage - Green Day Spa, Anushka Salon and Spa, Zique Spa and Salon, Green trends, and so on.
Zique Spa and Salon
Calender of Events
|| Pongal Festival
Thiyagarajar Aarathana Festival at Thiruvaiyaru
Hot Air Ballon Festival
| All Districts
|| Chitirai Thiruvizha
|| Summer Festival (Ooty, Kodaikanal, Yercaud etc...)
Vasant Ustav-at Sri Kapaleeswarar Temple at Mylapore
|| Mango Festival
|| Saral Thiruvizha
|| Adiperuku Vizha
Valvil oru vizha
| Hoganekkal, Bhavani and Trichy
|| World Tourism Day
|| All Districts
|| Sathaya Vizha
|| Karthigai Deepam
|| Indian Dance Festival
India Tourist and Industrial Trade Fair
Vaikunda Ekathasi Festival
Tea and Tourism Festival